We use prepositions before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show the direction, manner, time, place, location, relationships, methods, source, and purpose, or introduce an object. Prepositions are the part of Speech in English Grammar.
Rules For prepositions
Use of Prepositions of Direction
- He came to me on Saturday.
- He jumped into the river.
- He is in the cabin now.
- The ball goes into his hand.
- I threw the notebook on the table.
- His car jumped onto the Jeep.
Prepositions of Time
It is used to refer to one point in time. We use‘in’ with parts of the day (not particular times) and particular months, years, and seasons.
- I go to a temple to pray in the morning at 5.
- The weather gets hotter in June.
- My father was born in 1960.
- I got selected in UPSC in 2019.
We use “at”with the time of day—furthermore, we use “at” with noon, night, and midnight. (Preposition Chart of ‘At’)
|At 7 A.M.||At noon||At night||At midnight|
- He comes from the office at midnight.
- My brother goes to the office at 9:00.
- He does not take lunch at noon.
- He seldom comes with me for an evening walk.
Use “on” with days and dates
- He works on Sundays.
- He goes to the office on foot on Saturdays.
- I organized the party on 18th April.
- My brother does the shopping on weekends
Time-expressing prepositions are used to refer to extended time
- I have been teaching English in Delhi since 2017.
- My brother will be working on this project for two weeks. (He will work till two weeks)
- I will have done my thesis by next year.
- I have been studying at oxford university and doing part-time work during vacations.
- I will teach in this institution from November to October.
- He is doing B.tech from August 2021 until May 2024.
- I will be google certified within three months. (Not longer than three months)
Prepositions of Place
We use the prepositions ‘in’ (to point itself) “at”(the quality or state being near the place), “on” (the surface), and “inside” (the inner side of something or surface that is contained).
- They take lunch in the canteen.
- She will have been waiting for him at the bus stop for an hour.
- He doesn’t put his books on the table.
- Keep this jacket inside the almirah.
We use some prepositions to indicate that an object is higher than a point.
“over” and “above.”
Some prepositions are used to indicate an object lower than a point,
“below,” “beneath,” “under,” and “underneath.”
Have a look at some examples below
- The airplane flies over my house.
- I placed my books above the rack.
- Basements are dug below ground.
- I don’t wear the inner beneath my shirt.
- He stole money and hid it under the bedsheet.
- I wore the inner underneath my jacket.
- His showroom is above my sweetshop.
- His office is over my house.
We use some prepositions to indicate an object that is close to a point, “by,” “near,” “next to,” “between,” “among,” and “opposite.”
- My home is by the gas station.
- My home is near him.
- The Hyundai service center is next to the Bikaner sweets.
- His office is next to me.
- Distribute these devices between you and me.
- He sat between us.
- I beat him among the crowd.
- My English spoken institute is opposite the sweet shop.
Prepositions of Location
Prepositions of location are used to refer to a location, use the prepositions “in”(volume or an area), “at”(for a point), and “on”( surface).
- I live in the USA. (an area)
- I will be studying at the computer lab tomorrow. (a point)
- I saw a spider on the window. (a surface)
Prepositions of positions
To refer to positional prepositions are mentioned
|Inside & outside||Through|
|in front of, behind & Against||Within|
|around||beside and near|
|from||Toward & ahead of|
- The Bikaner sweets shop is across the street from the Oxford Institute.
- I don’t have to see the jungle along the way.
- I sat behind the curtain.
- The zip of the bag is off.
- Walk toward the fields and then turn right; you will see his farmhouse.
- Kindly see the checkmark within the suitcase
- He sat beside me there.
- He rode the bike around me.
- He stood against the wall.
- He lied in front of me.
- He has gone from office.
- I hid the wallet under the notebook.
- His shop is opposite my house.
- He put the keys inside the drawer.
- He is outside of his home.
Some Prepositions Are Followed by Nouns Verbs and Adjectives
Verb + Preposition
About: worry, complain, read
- Students don’t worry about their careers.
- MY class teacher complained about the classwork.
- He read about the future of cryptocurrency.
At: arrive, smile, look, stare, gaze
- This bus arrives at the bus stop 5 minutes early.
- She smiles at me.
- He doesn’t look at the whiteboard when the professor delivers his lecture.
- Why does he stare at me?
From: differ, suffer
- My theses differ from yours.
- She suffers from amnesia.
For: account, allow, search, look
- This software allows for a new update.
- One of my friends is searching for a new shop at the corner.
- One of my friends is looking for a job in a multinational company.
In: occur, result, succeed
- This incident occurred in three places.
- My ideas resulted in finding new ways to crack the exams.
- She succeeded in hiring new aspirants.
Of: approve, consist, smell
- Judiciary approved of a new bill.
- This product consists of three vital ingredients.
- My room smells of mildew.
On: concentrate, depend, insist
- My brother concentrates on his writing skills.
- I do not depend on him.
- Do you insist on him playing games?
To:belong to, contribute to, lead to, refer to
- I belong to Suryavanshi Dynasty
- She hopes to contribute to the fund for charity.
- This road leads to my village.
- The doctor examined the patient and assisted in referring him to AIIMS.
With: (dis)agree, argue, deal
- he (dis)agrees with my proposal.
- She agrees with me.
- She doesn’t argue with me.
- I always deal with difficult circumstances.
Some other Verbs are followed by Prepositions
|Belong to||Fight for||Lead to|
|Rely on||Believe in||Plan on|
|Contribute to||Fight against||Love, like, need, want + to|
|keep from||hope for||reply to|
|rescue from||subscribe to||Come from|
|invest in||stop from||spend on|
|consist of||participate in||thank for|
|benefit of||blame for||Get rid of|
Adjective + Prepositions
|Amazed at||Shocked at||Surprised at|
|Tired of||Worried about||Proud of|
|Based on||Related to||Famous for|
|Opposed to||Satisfied with||Eager for|
|Different from||Necessary for||Excited about|
|accustomed to||acquainted with||afraid of|
|exhausted from||interested in||exposed to|
|nervous about||fed up with||serious about|
|late for||good at||guilty of|
|qualified for||ready for||limited to|
|pleased with||polite to||eligible for|
|notorious for||immune to||innocent of|
|incapable of||inferior to||dissatisfied with|
|sad about||safe from||bad at|
|capable of||content with||fond of|
|devoted to||unaware of||Superior to|
|Kind to||pray for||jealous of|
This jacket is different from mine.
Getting a degree is necessary for our career.
I am worried about it.
He is satisfied with his job.
He is famous for his skills.
I am eager for going there.
He is excited about his new car.
I am proud of my son.
He is opposed to me.
She was amazed at my performance.
This job is based on data analysis.
He was tired of being sorry to her.
This topic is related to equations.
Noun + Prepositions
|the use of||The cost of||The price of||The lack of|
|A solution to||An increase in||Influence on||A supply of|
|Belief in||The cause of||A reason for||A possibility of|
|Evidence of||Danger of||A method of||Difficulty with|
|invitation to||trouble with||Used to||example of|
|advantage of||age, attempt, point at||need, reason, responsibility for||need, reason, the responsibility of|
I found a solution to lose weight.
He has a lack of knowledge.
I have got a problem with the supply of sugar.
The price of iron is increasing day by day.
There is a possibility of approving this project.
fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions with answers
- I have three books which are …….. the table.
- He jumped …….. the river.
- I am not satisfied ………. her performance.
- My friend goes to college ……… car.
- I didn’t want to look ……… him
- She is more intelligent ……… I am.
- One of my friends has been looking for a job ……. Ten days.
- My friend has known me …….. five years.
- Riya Chaudhary had been working in this company …….. 2010.
- He says, “he would rather die …….. beg.
- I prefer coke ……… tea.
- Chandragupta Maurya ruled ………. Magadha.
- She will come ……. Sunday.
- My father goes to the office ……… 9 o’clock.
- I met him ……. last weekend.